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5 tips on Inventory Valuation for MSMEs

Inventory valuation is the cost estimation method that companies use to calculate the total value of both sold and unsold goods. In simpler words, it helps calculate the cost of the goods sold and the cost of the inventory in storage to analyse the profitability of the company as well as get a better idea of the company’s gross income.

Over the years, various methods have been introduced for absolute inventory valuation for MSMEs today. The top three methods are last in first out, first in last out and weighted average cost.

  • FIFO (First in, First out) is a method for inventory valuation where the for sale as per the demand in the market for the product.
  • LIFO (Last in, First out) is another method of inventory valuation where the . This method is not that commonly used as the older the product the lesser the sale value. It’s also tough to distinguish between the old and the new goods of the same sample and value them separately.
  • Weighted average cost is a commonly used method for inventory valuation where the cost of the current inventory is divided by the number of units present in the inventory.

Tip 1: Choose the best inventory valuation method

It is very important to select the right inventory valuation method for the company. This decision depends on numerous factors like the industry, the size of the company, the variety of goods sold, etc. For instance, if the industry in question is the food and beverage category, the best inventory valuation method would be LIFO as the chances of the stalling inventory spoiling are very high.

Tip 2: Sale of Scrap/Low use goods first

The inventory valuation is done towards the end of every financial year that then is added to the balance sheet of the company. Thus, one way that can help optimise the inventory valuation is by liquidating the scrap inventory first. The sale of these dead/low usage inventory items can be done by seeking quotations from the market from the desired buyers and selling these items to the highest bidder.

Tip 3: Use an inventory valuation software/website

Today, it is difficult to maintain and validate the exact value of the inventory without any help, especially for bigger or diverse companies. Choosing an inventory valuation software/website can help as it’s convenient and easy to adopt as all work orders, purchase orders, vendor bills, etc. are all prepared and uploaded on a singular platform which helps both the company and the vendors with approvals, calculations and transparency.

Tip 4: Use inventory forecasting where possible

This is very useful for all companies, regardless of their industry or size. This has a direct relation to the demand for the goods sold by the company. For example, if a company sells both tea and coffee, but the future demand forecast hints at a rise in the demand for coffee, the focus then can be to sell out the remaining tea inventory first stocking up coffee for when the demand suddenly increases. It also helps with cycle counting without disrupting other operational processes.

Tip 5: Start categorizing your inventory and use labels

This is highly beneficial for diverse companies i.e. companies that sell goods of different nature. The basic idea behind this is to categorise your inventory on aspects like storage value and sale frequency. The categories can be as follows:

  • Category A: Goods with high storage value, low sales frequency.
  • Category B: Goods with moderate storage value, moderate sales frequency.
  • Category C: Goods with low storage value, high sales frequency.

Inventory valuation has, over the last few years, become an important characteristic to identify a company’s health. Thus, it is your responsibility to ensure that your inventory is valued in the best way possible at the best price.

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Here is a detailed guide on Inland Haulage Charges

“How much would it cost?” – the most common sentence that every trader uses regularly. After all, it is all about saving costs and making a profit, isn’t it? Just like the freight charges keep fluctuating and can affect the profit margin of a trader, inland haulage charges also make a difference. The priority of a trader must be choosing the right services and ensuring to get the best and reasonable quotation for the services. Although the quality of service depends upon the logistics department that an exporter ends up preferring, there is always an option to compare the prevailing rates to make a decision.

Inland haulage charges differ with the type of truck or barge one chooses the distance it travels, and sometimes, the weight of the cargo. There are different modes of road transportation and various sizes of trucks. The trader must be able to identify what he needs for taking his consignment to the port of delivery. Understand the pricing pattern and know more here on Cogoport’s website. Let us get a basic and primary idea of inland haulage charges.

Why do Inland Haulage Charges Differ?

It is no secret that inland haulage charges differ from one freight forwarder to another and also from place to place. This difference occurs because of two reasons. First, the carriers or logistics service providers keep different prices in the market as per their estimation. Some may also offer lower prices to break the monotony in the prevailing rates.

Secondly, external forces like the demand for inland haulage services, fluctuations in the prices of petrol, diesel, etc., and availability of the vehicles also make a difference. The parts of the country where the connectivity to major seaports is not well-established may show higher rates. Therefore, the best thing a trader can do is find a reliable source of information to check all the possible quotations. The experienced and efficient shipping service providers offer the best solutions to their customers.

Freight Rates of Trucks in India

There are several trucks in the Indian transportation sector that carry cargo to the port of shipment. Flatbeds, Curtain-sided, box trucks, car carriages, tankers, etc., are the most common types of trucks used for inland haulage services. Most of the express logistics service providers charge INR 26-28/km for 32FT XML container trucks. The final price depends upon the fixed cost and operating cost, which may differ from one company to another (at least by 10%).

Freight Rates of Barges

The freight rates of barges differ from state to state in the country. The inland haulage charges may also differ as per the weight of the cargo. In most cases, the carrier may offer rate detention if the cargo is below the weight limit of the barge. Whatever be the case, a trader should check all the market prices before finalising one. Comparing the available quotes is very crucial to end up making profits. Also, one should know which barge will be suitable for his cargo.

Freight Rates of Rail Haulage

The rail haulage is the cheapest of all. Since the railways do not fall directly under the authorities of any private organisation, it comes at a reasonable rate. The average inland haulage charge per metric ton across India is INR 1.63/km. This rate may fluctuate from time to time, and therefore, traders must always keep a check on the current charges.

Inland haulage services are highly important in the shipping process as the safe journey of the cargo also depends on it. Traders must always choose a reliable service partner to crack the most profitable deal. Compare the quotes carefully before booking the service and do not settle for anything less!

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All you need to know about maternity insurance


India has come a long way in the development and advancement of health infrastructure and facilities. With modern technologies taking into the health sector, the facilities have become robust and sound. But with this evolution, the one thing that has also observed a hike is the medical bill. The increasing health expenses have become a common concern leading to the demand for health insurance plans. Today, you would come across a dozen health insurance companies offering numerous health insurance plans to the people. One of the latest additions to the list of these policies is the maternity insurance plan. Here is all you need to know about this recently added extension.

What Is a Maternity Insurance Plan?

Maternity insurance plan is a standalone policy that covers almost all the medical expenses that incur during the pregnancy period. Most of the health insurance plans do not cover maternity expenses under typical arrangements. You either need to buy the add-on coverage or buy a separate health insurance plan. However, you will have to buy the maternity insurance plan at least a year ago, given the waiting period is usually 1-3 years.

What Does it Cover?

The coverages of maternity health insurance policies differ from one insurer to another. You will have a plethora of options to choose from, and you must choose the best one. For that, you need to know common coverages that are available in almost every plan. Let us have a look at the inclusions and exclusions to the plans.

Inclusions to Maternity Insurance

  • All the hospitalization expenses related to the delivery procedure (both normal and C-section delivery)
  • Hospitalization expenses including doctor’s fees, room rents, medicines and nurse’s charges, etc
  • Charges related to pre and post-natal care
  • In the case of unfortunate pregnancy complications, the plan also offers child coverage
  • Hospitalization costs incurred if any emergency arises 30 days before the prenatal period and 60 days after postnatal
  • If an emergency ambulance charges incurred during the pregnancy period, it gets coverage
  • The maternity plans also cover the vaccination charges of the baby for one year.

All the aforementioned coverages may vary from one plan to the other. Therefore, it is always better to compare all the plans and go through all the costs covered in them to end up with a decision.

Exclusions to Maternity Insurance

  • The weekly or monthly visits to the doctor for routine check-up are not covered in the maternity insurance plans
  • Diagnostic tests like sonography undertaken during the pregnancy period fall under exclusions to the plan
  • Costs incurred for buying medical supplements and vitamins
  • The expenses that arise due to ectopic pregnancy are not a part of the plan.
  • Expenses on non-allopathic treatments
  • Treatment needed for any self-inflicted injury or drug abuse and alcohol
  • Additional costs incurred beyond the capping-limit

Where to Buy a Maternity Insurance Plan?

Buying a health insurance plan is no more a tedious task with so many insurance brokerage services taking it one themselves to help you out. All you have to do is find a reliable source of information and an operational website to compare the available plans. Find the best maternity insurance plan before you start planning for a baby to get the most of the coverages and a comprehensive plan. Also, decide the coverages you will need, to have a clear mindset. Take care of the premium rates and ensure they are in the budget to not miss out on the best offers.

Maternity insurance plans are best for availing top-class hospitality facilities without having to worry about the bills. Welcome the special and new member to your family in a stress-free environment. Prepare for future expenses beforehand to make the most of the available policies.

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Exactly How To Determine Revenue Tax Obligation On Wage AY 2020-22

The great component regarding this software application is that ultimately the job can be turned over to the service as it’s rather very easy to utilize. Preparing such audit information as well as documents is a hard job also for small company proprietors. Having some assistance with daily money monitoring can make a massive distinction to brand-new organizations. They take care of points like settlements, invoices, acquisitions, and sales utilizing the audit software programs. They can assist recommendations on financial institution fundings by obtaining journals in order and also aiding the proprietor or administration browse via the procedure for effective outcomes. Obtaining prepared to relocate? Finance mercy. Currently, right here’s the interesting component. To have a specialist manage this component of the business is a true blessing, as when completion of the year approaches, they can additionally assist with tax obligation prep work and also preparation. Inquire about what various other expert services they have functioned with currently. Suggestions are an insurance coverage representative, lender, or various other neighborhood tiny services that are generally delighted to assist.

Smaller sized services frequently succeed with a specialist that aids with accounting. Well Kept Pocketbook has a wonderful financial obligation snowball calculator that can assist find out your financial debts, so I motivate you to consider that one a shot. A wonderful location to start is by providing the demands of business from most vital to the very least. Referrals are an excellent area to start, as well as one need to browse within their specialist network or with a person they recognize directly. When it comes time to pick simply one, it can be free salary payroll calculator frustrating; there are many tiny business accounting professionals in Brisbane so. There are potential extra solutions supplied by a local business accounting professional in Brisbane than a company proprietor understands. Points to think about are invoices, billings, budgeting, monetary records, pay-roll, and monetary guidance. The agreement must be checked out meticulously to guarantee that appropriate hrs per day/week/month are tape-recorded on the pay-roll. As quickly as the solutions required are limited, it’s time to start speaking with local business accounting professionals in Brisbane.

There are some standard points to bear in mind when speaking with little company accounting professionals in Brisbane to weed via the alternatives and discover the specialist that will certainly aid the small company to prosper in much more means than they currently are. If they have neighborhood links, points might run a lot more efficiently. This implies you need to do an additional study to deal with a layout you did not produce, which can be tough. Digital declaring implies that software application vendors must give a method to submit kinds that can be saved online, consisting of entries to Federal government companies. Amongst all various other ERP software programs, SAP is the toughest for business life. When required and be able to discuss any kind of software program they make use of and also just how it will certainly profit the business, they must be readily available. Yes, companies, businesses, and also international firms can additionally make use of the revenue tax obligation calculator center offered on the Earnings Tax Obligation Division of India.

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 Simple Ways To Reduce Employee Turnover

Employee turnover is something that each business with laborers encounters. Employees travel every which way. At the point when employees leave, it’s outrageous for your business. It requires some investment and cash to discover and prepare a substitution. That is the reason organizations ought to reduce employee turnover; however, much as could be expected.

Serious pay and advantages, adaptable timetable choices, telecommute when vital, work environment climate and employee treatment, and educational cost help are five rudiments in employee retention. Particularly for millennial employees, these are the sacred goal for enrollment and decreasing employee turnover.

If you have high employee turnover, it’s to your most significant advantage to reduce it. You can utilize free and modest techniques to persuade employees to stay.

Keeping employees begins with recruiting the correct employees. You probably enlist employees who have solid abilities that coordinate their vacant position. You probably enroll employees who have solid aptitudes that correspond to their vacant position.

It would help if you enlisted employees who are conduct and social fit for the work. You can ask employees to conduct talks with inquiries to discover how they respond in specific circumstances. During interviews, please make sure to show up-and-comers around your business and educate them concerning your working environment culture. Up-and-comers will ideally wipe out themselves if they don’t fit in.

Offer an appealing, serious, extensive advantages bundle with segments, for example, life coverage, inability protection, and flexible hours. One youthful employee whose expressed explanation behind tolerating a bid for employment was the accessibility of a 401(k) coordinate isn’t the exemption. Exploration of Millennials and cash demonstrates that they would prefer not to rehash the slip-ups of their folks. Better support agreements reduce employee turnover.

Your employees need support and acknowledgment. At the point when employees accomplish something right, show your appreciation. When they finish a vast, troublesome extension or present a venture before the cutoff time, compliment them. Give them that you see their difficult work. At the point when employees genuinely accomplish something worth congrats, give it.

The objective here is to make an empowering, positive workplace. At the point when employees feel regarded, recognized, wanted, and spurred, they are bound to remain. The best part is that this technique for diminishing employee turnover is free. It will help if you utilize your words.

Give occasions to individuals to share their insight at work through instructional meetings, introductions, tutoring others, and group tasks. Employees like to share what they know; encouraging others guarantees the employee’s learning. Preparing others is the best pointer of knowledge.

It might be ideal on the off chance that you indicated your employees a vacation. Perhaps it’s an upward or sidelong move. Or then again, possibly your employees can win more outstanding obligations in their present position. Let your employees know how they can progress.

Empower employees to adjust their work and life. Permit adaptable beginning occasions, center business hours, and flexible closure times.

On the off chance that employees deteriorate in one occupation for a long time, they may look for another job to progress. Most employees need to build their abilities and information and climb the profession stepping stool. Demonstrating employees an extended vocation way provides them a feeling of guidance and reason.

Individuals need to make the most of their work. Make work fun. Draw in and utilize the exceptional gifts of every person. A day without giggling ought to be strange for employees.